Iftikhar Ahmad


In 1910, Flexner report was published accusing the incompetent American, apprenticeship-based, medical education system. This system was producing low-grade physicians, with poor teaching and training standards in medical schools. The post-Flexnarian, discipline-based system transformed the structure of medical education in US, Canada and UK, by establishing the gold standard; the biomedical model of medical training. It became one of the most important revelations in the history of medicine and a foundation for the upcoming problem-based and clinical presentation based models of medical curricula.


Education; Universities; Curriculum; Knowledge; Attitude.

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