Mahnaz Raees, Laila Zeb


Background: Caesarean section is lifesaving procedure, but it also bring drastic outcomes for neonates and mother. This study was designed to assess the perinatal outcomes of patients undergoing caesarean section for fetal distress.

Material & Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, from January 01, 2022 to June 30, 2022. All those women (aged 18 to 40 years) who underwent CS due to fetal distress, were included. Normal vaginal birth and CS due to other indications were excluded. SPSS v 26 was used to record and analyze data. A P-value was calculated and <0.05 was kept as significant.

Results: During the study period, 671 deliveries were through caesarean section for fetal distress. The mean age of the patients was 28.25±6.87 years. The majority (33.4%) of the patients were in the age group of 26-30 years. More than half (52.75%) had a history of fresh meconium stain liquor. Perinatal outcomes were measured and most of the cases (644) had A/H, followed by 21 early neonatal deaths, and the rest (6) were stillborn.

Conclusion: Stillbirth and early neonatal mortality were the primary perinatal outcomes. When combined with those of parity and meconium aspiration, these results were statistically significant.


Perinatal outcomes; Fetal distress; Caesarean section; Neonatal death.

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